During the 2018 International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS), Pakistan and UkrOboronProm of Ukraine agreed to collaborate on the development of ‚Äúhigh-precision missiles of various classes.‚ÄĚ
In a press statement, UkrOboronProm stated that both sides confirmed intentions to ‚Äústart joint research and development in the coming months‚ÄĚ ‚Äď implying that the agreement was more than a memorandum-of-understanding (MoU), but a concrete program coming into effect soon.
Likewise, there are reports of Turkey‚Äôs Roketsan A.S. ‚Äėassisting‚Äô Pakistan with ‚Äúair-to-air, air-to-ground and anti-tank ‚Ä¶ missile technology.‚ÄĚ However, an official press statement regarding this has yet to be found.
In part-one, Quwa discussed why Pakistan is looking to pursue joint munitions development. Reasons for the move include integrating to platforms of choice, guaranteeing supplies, and accessing technology. In part-two, Quwa will discuss how Pakistan could achieve its aims, i.e., its likeliest development partners.
Quwa will explore the impact Ukraine and Turkey could have in part-three (to be published on Friday, 25 January 2019). However, part-two will continue by examining China, which ‚Äď while not necessarily there to co-develop final applications with Pakistan ‚Äď is helping Pakistan build the capacity for development.
While this is not a surprising notion, it is worth noting that it was China that helped Pakistan initiate its potential for munitions development work. In February 2018, Pakistan announced that it set-up an instrumented weapons test range (WTR) at the Sonmiani Firing Range with China‚Äôs assistance.
While the Sonmiani WTR is expected to drive Pakistan‚Äôs strategic weapons development, the showcasing event involved a JF-17 test-firing SD-10 and PL-5EII air-to-air missiles (AAM). Thus, the new WTR is actually capable of tracking more than just ballistic and cruise missiles, but small, high-speed munitions too.
China is also among that select cadre of states with mastery of every input involved in producing modern guided munitions — i.e., the propulsion, guidance, flight control system, etc ‚Äď and it can scale, significantly…